The present era is witnessing a tremendous growth of scientific literature. It’s estimated that 6-7% of new literature is added every year, which means that the available knowledge will double in the next ten years and grow by 10 fold in the fifty years. The question arises that how much Pakistan is contributing to the medical literature. To address this issue and give a platform to the new investigators of Pakistan and other countries, JPMS was formed. “Journal of Pakistan Medical Students” (JPMS) is the first online, peer-reviewed medical journal formed by Pakistani medical students. It aims to provide a forum not only to medical students but also to doctors for publication of their articles, discussion on important medical topics, assistance and guidance to students intending a foreign electives experience, bridging the gaps and promoting communication between investigators. The journal is not confined to the medical students only. The name implies that it was started by the Pakistani medical students. Anyone can contribute. JPMS welcomes topics related to medical sciences, dental medicine and nursing as well. Long term goals include provision of high quality research papers and creating a journal indexed by reputed indexation services.
JPMS is an international, quarterly, peer-reviewed and open access journal that aims to promote research among the students in the broader field of healthcare. Publishing articles from students all around the world, the term “Journal of Pakistan Medical Students” only express the origin of the Journal and in no way limits the origin of research that can be submitted to the Journal. . We also use the term ‘student’ in its broadest sense and consider that learning is a lifelong process and hence everyone is a student.
Submissions should be made to the following email address [email protected] or through our online submissions system at submissions.jpmsonline.com
Articles submitted to JPMS should not have been be accepted, published, under review, or submitted for publication to any other journal.
Peer review process
Each manuscript will undergo a double-blind peer-review process to maintain the quality and authenticity of the manuscripts. After submission, an article is sent to an editor who, after initial review, sends the article to at least two reviewers for peer review. At the completion of peer-review, the editor decides about acceptance/rejection and notifies the authors about the status of article and for any further processing with reviewer’s comments. Every manuscript accepted for publication by the Junior Editor is then reviewed by a Senior Editor. Approximately 25% of the manuscripts are rejected by the editors before assigning to the reviewers. The acceptance rate for JPMS after first 100 submissions was 22%.
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) has formed the following criteria for authorship:
Authors should meet all three conditions.
At the time of Submission the first author should make sure that
a) Everyone who meets the criteria mentioned above is included in correct order in the list of authors.
b) Each author should have contributed sufficiently in the research to take public responsibility of the content.
c) Contribution of each author in the research is mentioned separately.
d) No gift or ghost author is included in author’s list.
e) Acknowledge all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship in an Acknowledgements section at the end of the article.
f) Any alteration in the order of authors or addition/deletion after submission must be approved by all the authors.
Any person included in the list of authors not meeting the authorship criteria constitutes gift authorship. JPMS considers gift authorships as violation of medical ethics.
Author’s are required to present a covering letter giving the name, degrees, designation, affiliated institute, phone number and email address of the corresponding author accompanied with the submitted article. It is obligatory for the articles edited subsequent to their submission to the journal, to be endorsed by all the authors.
In case of any dispute in authorship follow the guidelines published by COPE (Commission on Publication Ethics)
Article processing charges
Currently JPMS is a free of cost journal for authors and there is no fee for any type of article submission. However, editors do retain the right to charge a reasonable article processing fee at some time in future.
JPMS follows Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals as issued by the ICJME. (http://www.icmje.org/manuscript_1prepare.html ) Authors are required to visit their website and follow the instructions.
Reporting guidelines have been developed for reporting different type of studies. JPMS strongly recommends that authors follow the reporting guidelines while writing their paper where appropriate. The relevant guidelines are listed.
CONSORT Statement (for reporting of randomized controlled trials: please use the appropriate extension to the CONSORT statement, including the extension for writing abstracts)
STARD (for reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies)
STROBE (for reporting of observational studies in epidemiology) ( http://www.strobe-statement.org/index.php?id=available-checklists)
PRISMA (for reporting of systematic reviews)
MOOSE (for reporting of meta-analyses of observational studies)
The Equator Network (Enhancing the Quality and Transparency of health Research) provides a comprehensive list of reporting guidelines. Link: http://www.equator-network.org/resource-centre/library-of-health-research-reporting/library/
More details on these and other reporting guidelines are also available on the website of US National Library of Medicine. (link:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/services/research_report_guide.html )
Guidance on Scientific paper writing:
The Equator Network (Enhancing the Quality and Transparency of Health Research) provides links to many valuable resources for paper writing. JPMS recommends that new researchers utilize them.
JPMS respects the privacy rights of patients and believes that patient’s rights should be not be violated and any identifiable information is submitted after obtaining an informed consent. JPMS requires the author’s to submit an informed consent signed by the patient in case any patient identifying information is shared in the article including names, initials, hospital record numbers, photographs, pedigrees or any other description.
Patients should be made aware about the nature of publication and that their information will be available on internet.
When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the article.
All nonessential identifying details in the articles should be omitted.
Submitted scientific work is a privileged communication and property of authors. Editors and Reviewers should respect authors’ confidentiality while handling and reviewing the submitted manuscripts.
Editors are not allowed to disclose information about manuscripts (including their receipt, content, status in the reviewing process, comments of reviewers, or decision about acceptance/rejection) to anyone other than the Editorial Manager and Chief Editors.
Editors and Reviewers must not publicly discuss the authors’ work or their ideas before the manuscript is published.
Reviewers are not allowed to make copies of the manuscript for their files and are prohibited from sharing it with others, except with the editor’s permission.
Reviewers should return or destroy copies of manuscripts after submitting reviews.
Editors should not keep copies of rejected manuscripts.
The only condition allowing the confidentiality to be breached is an alleged dishonesty or fraud.
JPMS does not publish reviewer’s comments.
JPMS requires authors to provide a statement at the time of submission attesting that none of the parts of manuscripts is plagiarized from any other source. Proper reference should be provided whenever anything is extracted from a source. JPMS editors use plagiarism detection tools to ensure the originality of the article. JPMS considers self-plagiarism as equally condemnable as any other kind of plagiarism.
If any article is proved to be plagiarized, JPMS committee would take immediate and strict actions against the authors ranging from rejection of the manuscript to preclusion of the authors from any future publication in the journal.
Journal of Pakistan Medical Students intend to publish credible articles that are exempted of competing interests. JPMS follows ICJME’S guidelines for the competing interests. JPMS publishes the list of sponsors of the study as acknowledged by the authors Competing Interest are present when the author, editor or reviewer has affiliations, either exclusive or economical, which may affect the authenticity of the published articles.
Authors are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work at the time of submission.
Authors must state openly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist.
We also demand the authors to state at the time of submission, if any competing interest is present with anyone who should not be given the charge of that particular manuscript.
All the materials published by JPMS do not reflect the policy of JPMS. All the articles and content published, reflect the opinions and findings of the authors. JPMS discloses its policy via Press Release Section only at the official website.
Original article should aim to enhance the vistas of medical knowledge with its scientific contribution. Articles should not contain more than 4000 words exclusive of abstract, references, tables, figures and illustrations. A maximum of 40 references written in Vancouver style are allowed. Total number of figures/tables/illustrations allowed is 10. Articles must conform to the guidelines given by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) required for submission of articles in biomedical journals and should include the following segments:
Abstract: A structured abstract is required which will give the essence of the original article to its reader. This will also facilitate peer and editorial review of the document. It should comprise of the following components:
Background and OBJECTIVE(S) (stating the purpose of the study), METHODS (a concise design of the study), RESULTS (major outcomes of the study), and CONCLUSION (distilling the core of the study). Word count should not exceed 250 words.
Introduction: It should state the objective of the study concisely and explicitly. To develop interest in the original article, introduction should grab the attention of the readers. Published medical knowledge about the topic should be stated first progressing to aspects still unknown, culminating into the purpose of the study which aims to fill the gap in scientific literature. Plagiarism is strictly prohibited and the custom of CUT-COPY-PASTE is strongly discouraged.
Materials and Methods: An explicit account of the study design must be mentioned. Resources and instruments, such as the questionnaire, employed in the study should be clearly given along with a detailed account of the sample size, study site, software used for statistical analysis and the precise p-values and their significance. As it facilitates the progression of the study, this segment should be written prior to completion of the study and must conform to the standard protocols.
Results: The principal findings of the study should be reported under this heading. The use of tables, graphs and charts is encouraged.
Discussion: This section should comprise of the following:
1- First paragraph reporting the major outcomes of the study.
2- Compare and contrast the results of your study in the light of previous studies. Elucidate, elaborate and extrapolate each aspect of the outcomes of the study referencing previously reported data as evidence. To be covered in two/three paragraphs.
A paragraph on biological relevance or clinical implications of the study should be included.
3- Inadequacy or restraint of the study explained in a paragraph as limitations.
4- Concluding remarks and recommendations guiding further research to the uncovered aspect of the study should be discussed in a separate paragraph.
Articles lagging in creativity and novel approach which otherwise would have been deemed as original articles come under this section. Short reports should be of maximum 1500 words (excluding summary and references) and must include the following: an unstructured abstract of maximum 150 words, introduction (1 paragraph), methodology, results and discussion. Journal may return an article not found fit for publication as an original article to be rewritten as a short report.
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Letter can contain a discussion regarding any article from the journal or any other significant scientific development. The maximum limit is 500-700 words for letters discussing a journal article. A maximum of 3 authors is allowed and it must have no more than 5 references and one table or figure. Case reports and research articles, which lack novelty, can be submitted as letters.
A minimum of 1500 words and 20 references are mandatory for a review article. However good reviews should have 3500+ words with more than 80 references. Figures/illustrations/tables/charts are encouraged and maximum of 10 are allowed. An article should divide the topic in appropriate subheadings to make the content easy to comprehend.
It includes unique and appealing cases that captivate the attention of readers. They can be unusual/rare medical conditions whose diagnoses prove to be very challenging. Explanation must be provided of the ways to diagnose them. A concise abstract must explain the main idea, and the case should include the presentation, history, examination, diagnosis and results to enhance the knowledge of readers. Authors should bear in mind that case reports are read by practicing physicians and well experienced students so complexity should be evaded by excessive clarification of the topic. The word limit for a case report is 1500 with a maximum 20 references. Authors are encouraged to add figures/pictures/illustrations/charts for comparison and clarification.
Editorials are often solicited but rarely unrequited editorials are also entertained. These are articles that contain annotations and deduction of original articles that have been published previously in the journal. They can have any topic related to scientific knowledge and may reflect personal opinions. They can contain one table or a figure with maximum 10 references and 900 words. Senior Editors, Editors and Associate Editors along with the Faculty Advisors are eligible for writing editorials. A maximum of three editorials are allowed per issue. JPMS follows the policy of personal invitations to renowned scholars to submit Guest Editorials.
In this section, authors are expected to explore beyond the vistas of written published documents. Data is reported in the form of archetypal clinical images which is not a case report, rather an unusual visual aspect of prevailing medical conditions. Images should be accompanied by a written explanation of not more than 300 words deducing its principal didactic outcomes. The images, maximum two in number, should be submitted in JPEG, TIFF or GIF format in a high resolution image. No more than 4 authors are allowed. Maximum number of references should be 5 and must be given in the Vancouver style. Submission of the consent form giving approval of the patient is mandatory. Journal reserves the right of making any change in the submission as required; however, it will be published with the approval of the author. Editorial may request the author to covert a submitted case report into a clinical image.
Type of articles published in this section
This section reports marked developments in various fields of medicine that have or are likely to have significant impact in the lives of general population, for example, an unknown aspect of a rampant disease or a novel measure taken for its treatment. These developments have either appeared in other journals or included in forum discussions in renowned symposia or conferences across the globe.
Written by the editorial board, this section contains a topic or an aspect of a topic that the editors feel is imperative to be brought into the reader’s knowledge.
This may be one of the most interesting parts of the journal for readers. It gives a narrative account of a personal experience in which the individual himself has gone under a particular phenomenon or has observed closely how others coped up with a situation or a crippling ailment. Authors are given the freedom to write this section non-scientifically and on an aspect which is controversial. It should contain no more than 500-650 words.
Commissioned by the editorial board, this is a short document reporting unusual findings and eccentric discoveries in medicine that have appeared as articles in other journals. Important details about the study design as given in the original article are included.
Recent motivating topics related to medicine and health which can give rise to new researches and developments may be discussed in perspective articles. These must be restricted from 1000-1200 words and may include one/two figure(s) and up to 10 references.
Reports of electives attended by medical students both national and international can be submitted. This is a free-hand section where students are allowed to write their own experiences. There is no minimum or maximum word count. This section will benefit students with useful information which they require regarding electives.
The student should sincerely explain the procedure and the importance of the elective and must share the personal experience during that period so as to attract other medical students to apply for an elective at the same institute. It should also describe the local area, the city, important places, accommodation and the residents of the area.
We recommend that photographs taken during the electives shall be provided. References of the photographs can be provided in the elective report. Photographs should be taken by the author or they must be public property with no copyright issues. High quality photos in JPG format are preferred.
We believe the authors have major rights on their scientific production. However, once submitted for publication to Journal of Pakistan Medical Students (JPMS), an article cannot be submitted to any journal unless rejected by JPMS. An official rejection letter will be sent to the authors. Any violation of this policy will be strictly dealt with.
JPMS holds the copyrights; articles are published under a Creative Commons (CC) Attribution-Non-Commercial 3.0 Un-ported License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) The term: “author” used in this CC license refers to JPMS. Under this license, personal use to “Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work” and “to Remix — to adapt the work”, free use of tables, charts, figures or abstracts is allowed under the following conditions: That you will cite the source as references, and permission would be required for commercial usage for photocopying, including multiple or systematic copying, resale, copying for advertising and promotional purposes, compilations and all forms of document delivery. Furthermore, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise for commercial purposes. JPMS allows free usage for educational, and research purposes by non-profit educational classrooms and universities.
All inquiries related to reprints, permissions and translations must be directed to the publisher and written consent is mandatory. Email to [email protected]
No responsibility is assumed by the Publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material in this journal.
The content of the journal are not influenced by sponsors. The information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of an appropriately qualified and licensed physician or other health care provider. The information provided here is for educational and informational purposes only. In no way should it be considered as offering medical advice. Please check with a physician if you suspect you are ill.
JPMS – OPEN ACCESS PUBLISHER:
JPMS -OPEN ACCESS PUBLISHER, publishes Journal of Pakistan Medical Students (JPMS) quarterly online and biyearly on print from the office of JPMS based at: 109/2 Popular Avenue, DHA Phase-6, Karachi, Pakistan. All the editors, reviewers and staff are volunteers. JPMS as a publisher is jointly owned by the Drs. Haris Riaz and Anis Rehman. Other products from the same publisher include, JPMS BLOGS, published at: blogs.jpmsonline.com
For more details about JPMS Publisher, visit: www.publisher.jpmsonline.com
Email: [email protected]
Information about » Authors last updated on: August 6, 2012